Principles of Atatürk and the History of the Turkish Revolution II
HIST 192 Principles of Atatürk and the History of the Turkish Revolution II
The''revolution vs empire''dilemna faced by the Young Turks in 1908 ,continuing into:the intellectual ferment of the first two decades of the century ;the impact of the Balkan Wars and of Gallipoli on Turkish nationalism; the beginnings of an Anatolia -oriented populism;the fatique and despair of 1918-19 ,and the call to mobilize for one last struggle ;the forging of a new leadership and of a program of resistance ; and the role of local and national elements in the grand alliance for independence.From 1923 onwards,attention shifts to : economic reconstruction; the ''smashing the idols'' refoms of the 1920s and early 30s;education,history, archeology,folklore,and the construction of a new national identity;the Great Depression and the shift to a more statist economic policy; the difficulties of the war years; and the 1946-50 transition to parliamentary pluralism.In conclusion ,the course raises some broad analytical questions : the Kemalist revolution in comparative perspective; the emergence and development of a ''catching up agenda'' in a non -colonial context;the pragmatism and empiricism of Kemalism contrasted with other (later)examples of national developmentalism; the prospects for Turkish democracy on the threshold of the 21st century.
SU Credits : 2
ECTS Credit : 3
Prerequisite : Undergraduate level HIST 191 Minimum Grade of D
Corequisite : -